[6][7] When used without modifiers, the name 'sage' generally refers to Salvia officinalis ("common sage" or "culinary sage"); however, it is used with modifiers to refer to any member of the genus. [3][4][5] Within the Lamiaceae, Salvia is part of the tribe Mentheae within the subfamily Nepetoideae. Salvia was used to treat sore-throat, headaches, rheumatism, diarrhea, anemia and as an aid to digestion. Many salvias have fragrant leaves and most bloom from spring to late fall. The ornamental species are commonly referred to by their genus name Salvia. As mentioned, Japanese flower meanings are significant to the culture. That means possible side effects and risks that could be detrimental to your health may not be understood yet. A preparation made from the dried or crushed leaves of Salvia divinorum, or from an extract of the leaves, usually smoked, chewed, or ingested to produce a hallucinatory effect. Salvias habit or character of growth that is for the most part upright. Salvias are also a great nectar source; if you plant them, pollinators (especially hummingbirds) will be sure to pay your garden a visit. Das entdeckte Geheimnis der Natur im Bau und in der Befruchtung der Pflanzen. Salvia blooms in a range of colors, from traditional dark blue to light blue, red, pink, and white. Many species are similar to each other, and many species have varieties that have been given different specific names. lavandulifolia and Salvia. a. n. 1. [9], George Bentham was first to give a full monographic account of the genus in 1832–1836, and based his classifications on staminal morphology. A modern and comprehensive study of Salvia species was done by Gabriel Alziar, in his Catalogue Synonymique des Salvia du Monde (1989) (World Catalog of Salvia Synonyms). This beautiful flower is an elegant option for a bouquet and boasts an appealing fragrance. Two popular cultivars are 'Wild Thing', which has pink-hued flowers and is considered a more cold-hardy plant; and 'Raspberry Delight', which … The stems are typically angled like other members in Lamiaceae. The information attained by Walker and Sytsma (2007) supporting the three independent origins of the staminal lever indicate that Salvia is not the case where 15 species (currently not members of the genus) are actually members of Salvia but underwent character reversals—in other words, Salvia is paraphyletic as previously circumscribed. Salvia flowers are tubular with a split lower petal. There are over 700 different species, but this guide narrows it down to the best types of salvia for growing in your garden. Through DNA sequencing, Salvia was shown to not be monophyletic but to consist of three separate clades (Salvia clades I–III) each with different sister groups. This often results in the plant being unattractive to grazing animals and some insects. 'Indigo Spires' and Salvia. Heat tolerant, chill tolerant, drought tolerant, impervious to pests and disease, deer resistant — salvia takes a lickin’ and keeps on blooming beautifully. Most species, however, prefer a sunny position with moist, humus-rich, well-drained soil. Many of the early herbaceous Salvias begin to stir and flower, to take advantage of the early pollinators. [14] To make Salvia monophyletic would require the inclusion of 15 species from Rosmarinus, Perovskia, Dorystaechas, Meriandra, and Zhumeria genera. bel-r.com 6. n. 1. The pink flower spires make it a welcome addition to the salvia collection. This can result in reproductive isolation from the parental population and new speciation can occur. salvia (plural salvias) 1. Salvia is a genus of about 1000 species of annual or perennial herbs and shrubs, distributed throughout the world, from Central and South America to Central Asia and Mediterranean Europe. 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